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June 2014 Client Alerts

Practice groups throughout Bryan Cave often prepare alerts on issues of interest to our clients and friends. Listed below are the Client Alerts published in June 2014.  Please click on the title to read the full text of the Alert.

Supreme Court Holds Bare Allegation of Improper Purpose Does Not Entitle a Taxpayer to Examine IRS Officials, published by the Tax Advice and Controversy practice group on June 20, 2014.

District Judge Expands the Reach of Dodd Frank Retaliation Protections, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations, Securities Litigation and Enforcement, Labor and Employment, Broker-Dealer Litigation, Arbitration and Regulatory practice groups on June 3, 2014.

Breaking News:  Second Circuit Reverses Rakoff Decision Rejecting SEC Settlement, Holds That Requiring Admissions was Abuse of Discretion, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations, Securities Litigation and Enforcement and Investment Management practice groups on June 4, 2014.

SEC Settles First Whistleblower Anti-Retaliation Case, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations, Securities Litigation and Enforcement and Labor and Employment practice groups on June 19, 2014.

Small Business Administration Issues Proposed Rule That Would Establish a Safe Harbor From Fraud Penalties for a Business That Acted in Good Faith in Incorrectly Representing the Firm as Being Small,  published by the Government Contracts practice group on June 26, 2014.

Ninth Circuit Issues Two Decisions Upholding Class Action Waivers in Employment Agreements, But Interplay with California Supreme Court Remains an Open Question,  published by the Labor and Employment and Commercial Litigation practice groups on June 27, 2014.

Securities Defendants Will Have New Tool To Use in Opposing Class Certification But Fraud-On-The-Market Theory Survives under Supreme Court Decision,  published by the Class and Derivative Actions and Securities Litigation and Enforcement practice groups on June 23, 2014.

California Supreme Court Affirms Use of Class Action Waivers in Arbitration Agreements, published by the Labor and Employment practice group on June 24, 2014.

Shifting Trends:  Privacy & Security Class Action Litigation, published by the Data Privacy and Security Team on June 11, 2014.

SEC to Give Credit For Self-Reporting Certain Municipal Offering Violations, published by the Broker-Dealer Litigation, Arbitration and Regulatory practice on June 18, 2014.

Whither Demand Response in Wholesale Electric Power Markets?, published by the Energy and Natural Resources practice group on June 2, 2014.

FINRA Cracks Down on Use of Consolidated Reporting,  published by the Broker-Dealer Litigation, Arbitration and Regulatory Practice on June 23, 2014.

Supreme Court Rejects Federal Circuit’s “Insolubly Ambiguous” Standard for Indefiniteness, published by the Intellectual Property practice group on June 3, 2014.

U.S. Supreme Court Allows Private Lanham Act Suits Against Product Labels Otherwise Compliant With Federal Law, published by the Antitrust and Competition practice, Food and Beverage Team and Intellectual Property practice on June 12, 2014.

U.S. Supreme Court Invalidates Alice Corp’s Software Patent Claims, published by the Intellectual Property practice group on June 20, 2014.

U.S. Supreme Court Rejects Divided Infringement of Method Claims in Limelight v. Akamai, published by the Intellectual Property practice group on June 3, 2014.

IRS Announces Changes to Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program, published by the Tax Advice and Controversy practice group on June 20, 2014.

EPA Extends Comment Period For Proposed Clean Water Act Jurisdictional Regulations, published by the Environmental practice group on June 30, 2014.

EPA’s Proposed Clean Power Plan Regulations:  Structure and Impacts, published by the Environmental group on June 6, 2014.

Missouri Supreme Court Holds That Statutes of Limitations Are Not Tolled by Putative Class Action Lawsuits Filed Outside of Missouri, published by the Class and Derivatives Actions practice group on June 25, 2014.

Reminder:  Increase in California Minimum Wage Effective July 1, 2014, published by the Labor and Employment practice group on June 24, 2014.

EU Proposes Greater Transparency of Beneficial Ownership,  published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations practice group and Global Anti-Corruption/Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Team on June 26, 2014.

Significant Competition/Antitrust Fines in Europe Sound the Alarm for Private Equity Over Liability for Their Portfolio Companies,  published by the Antitrust and Competition and Private Equity groups in London and Frankfurt on June 19, 2014.

Australia Imposes Targeted Ukraine-Related Sanctions on 50 Individuals and 11 Entities, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations practice group on June 19, 2014.

The French Blocking Statute:  Effective Protection Against Cross-Border Discovery?, published by the Commercial Litigation and Class and Derivative Actions practice groups on June 19, 2014.

Canada Charges 3 Foreign Nationals with Bribery of Foreign Officials, published by the Global Anti-Corruptions/Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Team on June 6, 2014.

EU Makes It Easier for Creditors to Recover Cross-Border Debts in the EU in Civil and Commercial Matters, but Has the UK Missed a Trick?, published by the London Commercial Litigation practice group on June 5, 2014.

EU and Competition Law Update — June 2014, published by the European Antitrust and Competition practice groups on June 9, 2014.

Thailand:  Is a Coup d’etat Force Majeure?published by the Hong Kong Commercial Litigation group on June 6, 2014.

Clarification of the Approach to Non-Arbitrable Claims — Silica Investors v Tomolugen Holdings (Singapore High Court), published by the International Arbitration practice group on June 4, 2014.

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May 2014 Client Alerts

Practice groups throughout Bryan Cave often prepare alerts on issues of interest to our clients and friends. Listed below are the Client Alerts published in May 2014.  Please click on the title to read the full text of the Alert.

SEC Confirms that FINRA May Investigate Non-FINRA Companies Controlled by a FINRA Member, published by the Broker-Dealer Litigation, Arbitration and Regulatory Practice on May 29, 2014.

CFTC Hopes To Attract More Whistleblowers With Issuance of First Award, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations, Securities Litigation and Enforcement, and Labor and Employment Investment Management practice groups on May 22, 2014.

Court Strengthens Statute of Limitations Defense Against the SEC, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations, Securities Litigation and Enforcement group on May 15, 2014.

Spreading the Sunshine in Private Equity:  SEC’s Observations from OCIE’s Presence Exams of Private Equity Fund Advisers, published by the Investment Management and Private Equity practice groups on May 14, 2014.

IRS Issues Guidance on Retiree Health Benefits Funded Through Captive Insurance Subsidiary, published by the Tax Advice and Controversy and Captive Insurance practice groups in May 14, 2014.

New Endangered Species Act Rules and Policy Proposedpublished by the Environmental group on May 15, 2014.

Russian Sanctions Creep (IRB No. 523), published by the International Trade CEE and CIS Team on May 13, 2014.

EU Expands Basis for Ukraine-related Sanctions Targets (IRB No. 523), published by the International Trade CEE and CIS Team on May 13, 2014.

At Last:  DoD Codifies Procedures for Addressing Foreign Ownership, Control or Influence (“FOCI”) Concerns, published by the National Security practice on May 6, 2014.

International Centre for Dispute Resolution (“ICDR”) Draft Procedures and Rules, published by the International Arbitration practice on May 8, 2014.

EU to Make It Easier to Confiscate Proceeds of Crime, published by the Global Anti-Corruption/Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Team on May 20, 2014.

Who is a Foreign Official Under the FCPA?  U.S. Appeals court Affirms Government’s Broad Reading of Instrumentality, published by the Global Anti-Corruption/Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Team on May 19, 2014.

Imminent Consumer Contracts Regulations Affecting Hotel Operators and Travel Agencies — Summary of Key Changes, published by the London Technology, Entrepreneurial and Commercial Practice and Retail Team on May 23, 2014.

Bankers Beware:  Global Financial Institutions and Regulated Firms Remain in the UK’s Firing Line, published by the Global Anti-Corruption/Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Team on May 19, 2014.

Hedging the Hedge — Are Hedging Losses Recoverable in Commodities Contracts, published by the Singapore Energy and Natural Resources group on May 14, 2014.

Labor and Employment Bulletin – May 2014, published by the London Labor and Employment practice on May 12, 2014.

EU & Competition Law Update – May 2014, published by the European Antitrust and Competition practice group on May 9, 2014.

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April 2014 Client Alerts

Practice groups throughout Bryan Cave often prepare alerts on issues of interest to our clients and friends. Listed below are the Client Alerts published in April 2014.  Please click on the title to read the full text of the Alert.

 U.S. Supreme Court Clarifies Test For Standing to Sue Under Federal False Advertising Statute And Rejects Test Used by Several Circuits to Prohibit Suits Brought By Non-Competitor Businessespublished by the Commercial Litigation, Intellectual Property and Trademarks practice groups on April 1, 2014.

The Australian Privacy Principles:  They don’t apply to me, do they?, published by the Data Privacy and Security team, April 1, 2014.

SEC Convenes Cybersecurity Roundtable:  Highlights Importance of Cybersecurity for Public Companies and Financial Market Participants, published by the Corporate Finance and Securities practice group and Data Privacy and Security Team, April 4, 2014.

Now It Gets Personal:  Department of Justice Obtains its First Ever Extradition on Antitrust Charges, published by the Antitrust and Competition White Collar Defense and Investigations practice on April 8, 2014.

SEC Touts Monetary Benefits of Whistleblowing, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations, Securities Litigation and Enforcement and Labor and Employment practice groups, April 10, 2014. 

Paving The Way for Increased Data Litigation, Court Refuses to Dismiss FTC’s Use of Deception or Unfairness Authority in Data Breach Cases, published by the Data Privacy and Security Team, April 11, 2014.

$5.15B Cleanup:  Anadarko Environmental Settlement Reveals New Government Tactics, published by the White collar Defense and Investigations and Environmental practice groups, April 11, 2014.

Court of Appeals Issues Opinion in Conflict Minerals Case:  Portion of Rule Violates First Amendment, published by the Corporate Finance and Securities practice group, April 14, 2014.

SEC Staff Responds to Court of Appeals Opinion in Conflict Minerals Case:  Game On, published by the Corporate Finance and Securities group, April 30, 2014.

Will This Be Enough?  Competitors Sharing Cyber Threat Information Will Not Result in Federal Antitrust Prosecutions — Sometimes, published by the National Security, Antitrust and Competition practice groups and the Data Privacy and Security Team

We Know Who You Are:  Companies’ Ability To Deal Confidentially With The CPSC is Further Eroded, published by the Consumer Protection and Data Privacy groups, April 18, 2014.

OCIE Issues Risk Alert Regarding Cybersecurity Preparednesspublished by the Broker-Dealer, Litigation, Arbitration and Regulatory,  and Investment Management groups, April 21, 2014.

Missouri Supreme Court Deals With Trade Secret Issues, published by the Labor and Employment practice group, April 22, 2014.

Missouri Supreme Court Introduces Drastic Change to Workers’ Compensation Retaliation Law, published by the Labor and Employment practice group, April 29, 2014.

New York’s Non-Profit Revitalization Act of 2013 and Its Impact on Non-Profit Organizations, published by the Non Profit Organizations practice on April 1, 2014.

U.S. Expands Sanctions Against Russia By Freezing More Assets and Restricting Exports (IRB No. 522), published by the International Trade group, April 29, 2014.

Partnership Tax Changes:  New Salaried Member Rules from 6 April 2014published by the Tax Advice and Controversy practice group (London) on April 3, 2014.

New Consumer Regulations – Implications for Retailers doing Business in the UK, published by the London Retail team, April 17, 2014.

Sunday Trading Laws in the UK — Is The Customer Still King?, published by the London Retail team, April 17, 2014.

UK Deferred Prosecution Agreements — Key Considerations For Companies Deciding Whether To Self-Report, published by the White Collar Defense and Investigations, Global Anti-Corruption/Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Team, April 2, 2014.

New Consumer Protection Law:  A Reinforced Framework for Distribution Agreements, published by the Paris Consumer Protection and Data Privacy group, April 9, 2014.

New Consumer Protection Law:  A Stricter Regime for Payment Terms, published by the Consumer Paris Protection and Data Privacy group, April 9, 2014.

EU & Competition Law Update – April 2014, published by the European Antitrust and Competition group, April 10, 2014.

 

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January 2014 – Bryan Cave Client Alerts

Client service groups throughout Bryan Cave LLP often prepare alerts on issues of interest to our clients and friends.  Listed below are the client alerts published in January, 2014.  Please click on the title to read the full text of the Alert.

Qualified Plan Limits, published by Employee Benefits and Executive Compensation, January 21, 2014

California “Do-Not-Track” Law Has Gone Into Effect, Requiring Some Websites to Revise Privacy Policy, published by the Data Privacy and Security Team, January 9, 2014

Federal Trade Commission Increases Interlocking Directorates Thresholds, published by Antitrust and Competition, January 24, 2014

Eleventh Circuit Holds that Affiliates of Indicted Contractor May Be Suspended from Government Contracting Indefinitely, Despite No Wrongdoing, published by Government Contracts, January 3, 2014

‘Single Asset Real Estate’:  A Concept in Need of Redefinition, published by Bankruptcy, Restructuring and Creditors’ Rights, January 15, 2014

Tax Court Upholds Captive Insurance Arrangement Despite Parent Guarantee and Captive’s Investment in Stock of Parent, published by Tax Advice and Controversy, January 16, 2014

Investment Funds Maintained by Charitable Organizations, published by the Fund Formation Team and Tax Exempt and Charitable Planning, January 7, 2014

Circuit Decision Requires Production of Foreign Bank Account Records, Thus Emphasizing Importance of IRS Amnesty Program, published by Tax Advice and Controversy and White Collar Defense and Investigations, January 9, 2014

SEC ALJ Imposes Six Month Bar on China Affiliates of Big Four Accounting Firms, published by White Collar Defense and Investigations and International Trade, January 24, 2014

Premerger Notification Thresholds Increased, published by Antitrust and Competition, January 24, 2014

EPA Adopts New ASTM Phase I Standard, published by the Environmental group, January 15, 2014

While Some Things Changed, Much Stays the Same as the EU and the United States Relax Sanctions Against Iran (IRB No. 517), published by International Trade, January 28, 2014

SCOTUS Limits the Exercise of General Personal Jurisdiction Over Multi-National Parent Corporations:  Daimler AG v. Bauman, published by Commercial Litigation, January 29, 2014

SEPA — Is There Some Respite for European and US Companies?, published by Financial Services, January 13, 2014

EU & Competition Law Update – January 2014, published by Antitrust and Competition, January 14, 2014

Overhaul of the BIS Unverified List Imposes New Requirements for Exporters (IRB No. 516), published by International Trade, January 21, 2014

UK Labor and Employment Law Bulletin – January 2014, published by Labor and Employment, January 23, 2014

Lokpal:  Finally a force to combat corruption in India, published by the India Practice Group, January 8, 2014

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August 2012 Client Alerts

SEC Issues Final “Conflict Minerals” Rule

The SEC has issued its final rule to implement the “conflict minerals” disclosure requirements in Dodd-Frank.  The SEC originally issued proposed rules with a comment period that was to have ended in January 2011.  Final rules were required to be published by April of 2011.  The SEC formally extended the public comment period by 30 days and then spent nearly 17 months receiving thousands of letters, meeting with many “interested persons,” and hosting an SEC Roundtable.  Dodd Frank amended the SEC Exchange Act of 1934 by adding a requirement that the  SEC publish disclosure rules concerning the use of certain minerals that originate in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  To learn more about the disclosures required by the rule, please click here to read the Bulletin published by the Corporate Finance and Securities Client Service Group on August 29, 2012.

The Contraceptive Mandate:  What Do Religious Employers Do Now?

In a landmark 5-4 decision announced in June, the United States Supreme Court upheld the key provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA).  Perhaps most noteworthy for religious employers are the provisions requiring group health plans to provide preventive health services without charging a co-pay.  In August, the Department of Health and Human Resources (HHS) adopted guidelines outlining the required preventive health care for women.  That guidance requires coverage for all FDA-approved contraceptive services, including the “morning after” pill and the “week after” pill.  Coverage of these services at no cost is required for plan years beginning on or after August 1, 2012.  To learn more about the decision and exemptions for certain employers, please click here to read the Alert published by the Religious Organization Team on August 7, 2012.

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June 2012 Client Alerts

What do video game, music, and free online telephone networks have in common?  If your employees use them they can lead to a FTC data security investigation.

Although the days of Napster and Gnutella may be over, the technology upon which those applications were based — peer-to-peer networks or “P2P” — is alive and well in modern-day programs that share video games and music.  As two recent Federal Trade Commission enforcement actions illustrate, companies that permit employees to use P2P applications — either knowingly or unknowingly — may face government investigations and possible liability.  To learn more, please click here to read the Bulletin published by the Data Privacy & Security Team on June 19, 2012.

FTC Cracks down on the Collection of Social Media Data For Employment Decisions

A survey released this year indicates that in some industries almost 40% of employers reviewed job candidates’ profiles on social media sites before making employment decisions.  Ordering a candidate’s social media history is, in many companies, becoming as routine as ordering a credit report or background check.  Most employers do not realize, however, that the Federal Trade Commission has taken the position that social media reports share something else with credit reports — they are covered under the privacy protections of the Fair Credit Reporting Act.   In June the FTC filed a lawsuit in the Central District of California against a company which marketed social media reports to employers to use as “a factor in deciding whether to interview a job candidate or whether to hire a job candidate after a job interview.”  To read more, please click here to read the Bulletin published by the Data Privacy & Security Team on June 14, 2012.

Record Settlement in a Sanctions Case Reached by ING Bank, N.V.

On June 12, 2012, ING Bank, N.V. settled alleged violations of U.S. trade sanctions with the U.S. Department of Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) for a record $619 million penalty.  ING Bank’s violations of OFAC sanctions involved more than $1.6 billion worth of funds that were unlawfully routed through the United States despite U.S. sanctions.  To learn more about the allegations against ING Bank and the Settlement Agreement reached, please click here for the International Regulatory Bulletin No. 497 published June 13, 2012 by the International Trade Group.

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March 2012 Client Alerts

9th Circuit Holds TILA Bars Rescission Suits Filed More Than 3 Years After Consummation

In McOmie-Gray v. Bank of America (9th Cir. Feb. 8, 2012), the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that under the Truth in Lending Act (“TILA”), “rescission suits must be brought within three years from consummation of the loan, regardless whether notice of rescission is delivered within that three-year period.”  It ruled that the three year period in the Act is an absolute limitation on rescission actions and that the one year period for bringing claims applies only to damages actions and does not extend the time to file a claim for rescission even where the borrower has sent the Bank a written notice of rescission within three years of loan signing or “consummation.”  To learn more about the facts in this case and the Court’s decision, please click here to read the Alert published by the Commercial Litigation Client Service Group and the Financial Institutions Client Service Group on March 6, 2012.

How Long Should You Retain Data?  Recent Developments May Add Confusion Not Clarity

Businesses have always collected information about their customers, but with the explosion of on-line commerce the quantity of information collected has ballooned.  One question that necessarily arises for almost any business is deciding how long it will keep the data it collects.  Businesses are aware that future developments in technology will improve the usefulness (and value) of the data that is currently in their possession.  Retaining consumer data, however, raises a number of legal risks which are often difficult to quantify in light of the changing regulatory and litigation landscape.  For a discussion of how recent developments add to the legal complexity, please click here to read the Bulletin published by the Data Privacy & Security Team on March 16, 2012.

Supreme Court Weakens EPA’s Enforcement Regine

The United States Supreme Court handed landowners a major victory against the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in its unanimous decision in Sackett v. EPA, No. 10-1062.  The decision announced March 21, 2012, held that Clean Water Act compliance orders can be challenged in court under the Administrative Procedures, undercutting EPA’s historic practice of using compliance orders to, in the words of the Court, “strong-arm” parties into voluntary compliance.  To learn about the case and the Court’s decision, please click here to read the Alert published by the Environmental Client Service Group on March 22, 2012.

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February 2012 Client Alerts

FINRA Issues Guidance on Protection of Customer Accounts

A recent alert from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) is encouraging broker-dealers to reexamine their policies and procedures relating to protection of customer assets and accounts.  FINRA Regulatory Notice 12-05 advises broker-dealers that FINRA has received an increasing number of reports of customer funds being stolen as a result of instructions e-mailed to firms from customer e-mail accounts that have been compromised.  With that notice, FINRA also issued an Investor Alert advising the public about the reported incidents.  To learn more about the Notice and Alert, please click here to read the Alert published by the White Collar Defense & Investigations and Securities Litigation & Enforcement Client Service Groups and Data Privacy & Security Team on February 6, 2012.

Reporting Cybersecurity Risks — New Obligations for Publicly Traded Companies 

Most companies are aware that they may be required to report data security breaches to consumers and, in some instances, state attorneys general, the FTC, or HHS.  Publicly traded companies should bear in mind that they have to notify another group — their investors.  The SEC last year offered  first-of-its kind guidance on when companies should report cybersecurity incidents in their disclosure statements.  To learn more about the new requirements, please click here to read the Alert published by the Data Privacy & Security Team on February 14, 2012.

DOL Issues Final Fee Disclosure Rule

Earlier this year, the Department of Labor issued a final rule on the disclosure requirements for a contract or arrangement for services to a covered plan to be deemed “reasonable” under Section 408(b)(2) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1973 (“ERISA”).  These disclosure requirements become effective July 1, 2012 and apply to service contracts and arrangements entered into both before and after that date.  To learn more about the disclosures required and what plans or contracts may be excluded from the rule, please  Click here to read the Alert published by the Employee Benefits and Executive Compensation Client Service Group on February 7, 2012. 

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August 2011 Client Alerts

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Arizona’s Employment Verification Law

On May 26, 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Arizona law that sanctions employers for hiring unauthorized aliens and endorsed Arizona’s requirement that employers use the federal E-Verify screening program.  A 5-3 majority of the Court found that language in the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 did not pre-empt the Arizona Law.  For the answers to frequently asked questions about the Arizona law, please click here to read the Client Alert published by the Labor & Employment Client Service Group on August 4, 2011.

Employers Should Consider Expressly Prohibiting FMLA Fraud

Many employers have updated their FMLA policies to reflect recent amendments to the law and revisions to the regulations.  Another aspect of an FMLA policy that merits attention is ensuring that the policy expressly prohibits FMLA fraud and specifies the penalty for the offense.  The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued an unpublished opinion earlier this year that reinforces the need for express fraud prohibition.  To learn more about the implications of the opinion, please click here to read the Client Alert published by the Labor & Employment Client Service Group on August 19, 2011.

SEC Proxy Access Rule Vacated by Federal Court

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit recently set aside and vacated Exchange Act Rule 14a-11 concerning shareholder proxy access, adopted by the SEC on August 25, 2010.  On a petition for review, a panel held that the SEC had “failed adequately to consider the rule’s effect upon efficiency, competition and capital formation,” as the SEC was required to do under its enabling statutes.  Thus, the Court held that adoption of the Rule was “arbitrary and capricious” and vacated the Rule.  To read more about the decision, please click here to read the Alert published by the Corporate Finance and Securities Client Service Group published August 4, 2011.

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July 2011 Client Alerts

Updated Claim Procedure Requirements for Non-Grandfathered Health Plans

The Internal Revenue Service, Department of Health and Human Services and Department of Labor have revised the interim final regulations governing internal claims and appeals and external reviews for non-grandfathered group health plans under the 2010 health reform law.  The have also revised the forms for adverse benefit determinations and updated the list of state consumer assistance programs.  Many of the changes ease the burden of plan administration.  To learn more, please click here to read the Alert published by the Employee Benefits & Executive Compensation Client Service Group on July 1, 2011. 

IRS Issues Guidance on Health Plan Excise Tax Returns, Code Section 162(m)

On June 24, 2011, the IRS finalized rules on automatic extensions for Form 8928 Excise Tax Returns for employer-sponsored health plans and also released guidance on performance-based compensation plans of public companies.  For highlights of the rules, please click here to read the Alert published by the Employee Benefit & Executive Compensation Client Service Group on July 7, 2011.

FTC Suit Signals Increased Scrutiny of Advertising Endorsements

In May, the FTC brought suit against a company that sold a promissory note business system based upon the allegation that the company used consumer testimonials that could not be substantively substantiated, and that the company did not adequately disclose the typical performance that consumers were likely to achieve.  This marks the thirteenth case this year in which the Commission has alleged that a company has deceptively used testimonials and endorsements.  To read more, please click here for the Bulletin published by the Consumer Protection Group on July 5, 2011.

EPA Issues The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule To Reduce Power Plant Emissions In the Eastern United States

In July the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (Cross-State Rule), requiring power plants in 27 states to reduce their emissions of nitrogen oxides and power plants in 23 of these states to also reduce their emissions of sulfur dioxide.    The purpose of the rulemaking is to ratchet down power plant emissions that contribute to elevated concentrations of ozone in downwind states.  For a summary of the relevant provisions of the Clean Air Act and the new Cross-State Rule, please click here to see the Bulletin published by the Environmental Client Service Group on July 22, 2011.

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