On March 25, 2020, senators released an updated draft of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (a.k.a the “CARES Act”) (the acronym is so much better than EGRRCPA!) to provide emergency assistance and health care response for individuals, families, and businesses. Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner’s initial review of the overall Act is available here.
The current draft contains a number of bank regulatory provisions of potential interest to financial institutions of all sizes.
Section 4008 – Debt Guaranty Authority. Authorizes FDIC to re-implement transaction account guarantee program, subject to cap on amounts insured. In the 2008 financial crisis, the FDIC provided unlimited insurance for amounts held in noninterest-bearing transaction accounts (i.e. checking accounts that don’t pay interest). Dodd-Frank prohibited the FDIC from every doing that again. The CARES Act authorizes the FDIC to provide the program again through December 31, 2020. Current draft of legislation limits coverage to “a maximum amount” without specifying the amount. Effectiveness will require FDIC action. Current draft of legislation also allows the NCUA to provide comparable insurance for credit unions, and permits the NCUA to provide insurance on an unlimited amount in such accounts. Since its formation, no depositor has ever lost a penny of FDIC-insured funds.
Section 4014 – Optional Temporary Relief from Current Expected Credit Losses. No financial institution or holding company shall be required to comply with FASB’s current expected credit loss methodology (i.e. CECL) (which otherwise is scheduled to become effective for the largest public bank holding companies for Q1 2020). Effective from adoption of the Act and ending on the earlier of December 31, 2020 or the termination date of the national emergency.