IMF Leader Resigns

On Wednesday, International Monetary Fund (IMF) President Dominique Strauss-Kahn resigned following his arrest in New York. European officials quickly moved to assert their claim over the leadership of the IMF, however emerging economic powers Brazil, China and India are seeking a process that prevents the top position from being granted to a European, as has been the convention since the fund was founded 65 years ago. European leaders appeared to unite behind Christine Lagarde, France’s finance minister, as their preferred candidate to succeed Mr. Strauss-Kahn. Other possible candidates include Kemal Dervis, a former finance minister of Turkey; Arminio Fraga Neto, former governor of the central bank of Brazil; Tharman Shanmugaratnam, finance minister of Singapore; Agustín Carstens, governor of the central bank of Mexico; and Montek Singh Ahluwalia, deputy chairman of India’s planning commission. The IMF’s 24-member executive board has begun discussions about the selection process for the new managing director. The board is scheduled to hold its regular weekly meeting on Friday when the timetable for succession, like deadlines for nominations, may be discussed. Countries will nominate their candidates, and then the board will vote, with large financial contributors like the United States and Japan getting a bigger share of voting rights. The entire process could take months, as it has in the past.

Fed to Propose New Stress Tests

On Monday, press reports indicated that a draft of the Federal Reserve’s new rules regarding stress tests is set to be approved by the Federal Reserve Board and put out for public comment within weeks. The Fed is seeking to subject banks to annual capital tests and to reserve the right to veto dividend pay-outs. In between the Fed’s annual reviews, banks would be able to resubmit capital plans should they wish to increase dividend payments or stock buybacks. However, industry executives say the restrictions on capital distribution are excessive and will inhibit their ability to compete globally.

DOJ Forces Nasdaq/ICE to Withdraw NYSE Proposal 

On Wednesday, Nasdaq OMX Group and IntercontinentalExchange said they were withdrawing their April joint proposal of $11 billion to acquire NYSE Euronext, citing discussions with the Justice Department’s Antitrust Division that “surprised and disappointed” Nasdaq and ICE. Speculation has been that the Justice Department’s Antitrust Division blocked the merger for two reasons. First, because the combined company would have too much market power — 50% of the market for U.S. stock trading NYSE with 28%, Nasdaq 22%. Second, because the merger’s $740 million in proposed cost savings would cause massive layoffs. Experts now believe that Deutsche Boerse’s (DB1) $10 billion bid for NYSE Euronext will prevail. The Futures Industry Association estimates that the NYSE/DB1 merger would create the top-ranked global futures trader, controlling 11 derivatives markets in the U.S. and Europe with 4.8 billion in contracts.

HUD to Release Report Accusing Five Biggest Mortgage Firms of Fraud

On Tuesday, press reports indicated that the Department of Housing and Urban Development will soon release audits that accuse the nation’s five largest mortgage companies (Bank of America, JPMorgan Chase, Wells Fargo, Citigroup and Ally Financial) of defrauding taxpayers in their handling of foreclosures on homes purchased with government-backed loans. The reports indicate the audits accuse the five major lenders of violating the False Claims Act, a Civil War-era law crafted as a weapon against firms that swindle the government. The audits were completed between February and March. According to the reports, HUD’s auditor has referred its findings to the Department of Justice, which must now decide whether to file charges.

More Information

If you have any questions regarding any of these issues, please contact:

Matt Jessee, Policy Advisor
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